By Fred D. Miller, David Keyt
Aristotle's "Politics" is mostly thought of to be a founding textual content of Western political philosophy. It defines man's dating to the kingdom, the character of political group, the mechanisms of justice and a critique of the political stipulations of the time. The papers during this quantity were gathered including a view to delivering a finished better half to the "Politics". One dates from the nineteenth century, 4 have been written especially for this quantity, and the remainder were revised and edited to fit the volume's wishes.
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Additional resources for A Companion to Aristotle's Politics
EY The effects of this one difference on a political theory are incalculable. And Aristotle not only adopts the Greek idea of the State, and consequently thinks of it as a city, but he has expressly raised the question of its proper size. 4. 1 326a65 . 1 326b39) contains one or two chance remarks which throw a strong light on the Greek idea and its results. Aristotle mentions an opinion that the State or city should be large; and, while he admits that largeness is an advantage so long as it involves no diminution of that real energy of the State which makes it great and not simply big, he insists that this proviso sets definite limits to the increase of size or population.
4. 1 29 l a34-6. 4 Met. 8. 1 074a38. ARISTOTLE'S CONCEPTION OF THE STATE 19 h um an and divine spmt capable of becoming actual in the soul of the believer , and giving his existence an absolute value; the more popular carica ture of this doctrine, which places the end of this individual soul in the a ttai n men t of perpetual private pleasure; the romantic preference of personal hono ur and loyalty to public spirit, and of purity and humility to the social virt ues; the principles of the French Revolution and of English liberal is m, - all this lies between us and Aristotle.
For this is peculiar to man, as compared with the other animals, that he alone has a perception of good and evil and of right and wrong. 2 . l 2 53a7- l 8 ) . Thus, in modern language, the State is more than an organism; it is a moral organism. The soul of man is not a mere principle of growth and nutrition, like that of plants . I ts activity is not confined to sense and the desires which depend on sense, like that of the lower animals. I t is intelligence and rational will. And therefore man not only has a law of his life, but is capable of knowing the law of his life: he not only knows it, but is capable of living by it.
A Companion to Aristotle's Politics by Fred D. Miller, David Keyt