Read e-book online A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy, 2 Volume PDF

By Robert E. Goodin, Philip Pettit, Thomas W. Pogge

ISBN-10: 1405136537

ISBN-13: 9781405136532

This new version of A spouse to modern Political Philosophy has been prolonged considerably to incorporate fifty five chapters throughout volumes written through a few of modern so much unusual scholars.

  • New participants contain a few of today’s such a lot uncommon students, between them Thomas Pogge, Charles Beitz, and Michael Doyle
  • Provides in-depth assurance of up to date philosophical debate in all significant similar disciplines, resembling economics, background, legislation, political technological know-how, diplomacy and sociology
  • Presents research of key political ideologies, together with new chapters on Cosmopolitanism and Fundamentalism
  • Includes distinctive discussions of significant ideas in political philosophy, together with advantage, energy, human rights, and simply war

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Extra info for A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy, 2 Volume Set

Sample text

140). There are traces of economic contractarianism in A Theory of Justice and the book undoubtedly served as a stimulus for people like Gauthier. But the political reading of the contractual method is probably more in the spirit of Rawls. The parties involved in a bargain take their own reasons for preferring one or another outcome as given and they are impervious to any reasons that others may offer for rethinking their preferences. They have no care for what other parties believe or want and are disposed, if let, to impose their own wishes on others; when they settle for anything less, that is because that is the best they can squeeze out of their fellow-bargainers.

A person can enjoy freedom in that passive and natural sense when there are others around but they are elsewhere or there are no others around, period. Analytical political philosophy has been traditionally committed, not only to personalism, but also to solipsism. Among the many different strands of radical political thought that emerged within that tradition in the nineteenth century, all of them tended to emphasize distinctively non-social values as the ultimate criteria of judgement. Most appealed to utility as the basic good of individuals, taking utility to be determined by the balance of pleasure or the absence of frustrated desire.

The idea had already been urged by the utilitarian economist-cum-philosopher John Harsanyi (1953; 1955). But the device of the original position, and the associated contract, also serves to dramatize something that is very important in Rawls’s thought: that the principles to be chosen should play a public role in the life of the society, being treated like a founding constitution or covenant (Kukathas and Pettit, 1990, ch. 3). The principles are to be general in form, not mentioning particular persons; they are to be universal in application, applying potentially to everyone; and, most important, they are to be publicly recognized as the final court of appeal for resolving people’s conflicting claims (Rawls, 1971, pp.

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A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy, 2 Volume Set by Robert E. Goodin, Philip Pettit, Thomas W. Pogge

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