By David S. Mason
Highlighting the most important occasions, rules, and members that experience formed smooth Europe, this clean and vigorous ebook offers a succinct background of the continent from the Enlightenment to the current. Drawing at the enduring topic of revolution, David S. Mason explores the reasons and outcomes of revolution: political, monetary, and medical; the advance of human rights; and problems with eu identification and integration. He intentionally avoids a close chronology of each kingdom and period of time by way of emphasizing the main an important occasions in shaping modern Europe. Fourteen targeted chapters handle such topical matters because the Enlightenment; the French Revolution and Napoleon; the commercial Revolution; the theories and impression of Marx and Darwin; the revolutions of 1848, 1917, and 1989; the unifications of Germany and Italy; eu imperialism; the 2 global Wars; the chilly warfare and decolonization; and the evolution and growth of the eu Union. Any reader desiring a huge evaluation of the sweep of ecu background considering that 1789 will locate this booklet, released in a primary version lower than the identify Revolutionary Europe, an interesting and cohesive narrative.
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Additional resources for A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, Solidarity
Charles Dickens, for example, who was born a generation after the Revolution, writes in A Tale of Two Cities of his revulsion of the worship of the guillotine during the Terror: It was the National Razor which shaved close. . It was the sign of regeneration of the human race. It superseded the Cross. Models of it were worn on breasts from which the Cross was discarded, and it was bowed down to and believed in where the Cross was denied. ” A few months later, Robespierre followed him to the guillotine.
Much cross-fertilization of ideas occurred between America and Europe at this time. Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin visited France, read the works of the philosophes, and were much influenced by the ideas of the Enlightenment. S. Constitution (1787) inspired both reformers and revolutionaries in France. THE IMPACT OF THE ENLIGHTENMENT The impact of the Enlightenment went far beyond France and America, however, affecting virtually every country in Europe and all levels of society. Some European monarchs even embraced the Enlightenment (or at least some parts of it) and used its principles to introduce reforms; these “enlightened despots” included Frederick the Great in Prussia, Catherine the Great in Russia, and Maria Theresa in Austria.
At the Congress of Vienna (1814–1815), the four triumphant Great Powers (Britain, Austria, Russia, and Prussia) confirmed the restoration of the old order, with some modifications, and put back in place the balance of power with the intent of preserving monarchical power and maintaining a lasting peace. And indeed, no continent-wide wars occurred in Europe for the next hundred years. But the French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars had unleashed forces that would shake the foundations of European society.
A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, Solidarity by David S. Mason