By by Abdul Gani Asyik.
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Additional info for A contextual grammar of Acehnese sentences
Not all pronouns can be replaced by their reflexive forms. There are seven reflexive forms that are sometimes used in place of the ordinary pronouns. They are: droelon/droelong for Ion/long, droekuh for kaa, droeneuh for na (fla is found only in Greater Aceh), droeteuh for gata/ droekeuh for kah/ droeoeuh for goonvan. and droeiih for iih. 40 Table 1: Pronouns Person 1st Pronouns : lontuwan/ulontuwan 'I (very polite)' Ion/long 'I' kee 'I (vulgar)' Plural: geutanyoe 'we (inclusive)' kamoe 'we (exclusive)' 2nd : droeneuh 'you (respected; of older persons)' Plural: droeneuh mandum 'you all' gata 'you (of younger adult)' Plural: gata mandum 'you all' kaa 'you (of children)' Plural: Hah,mandum 'you ail' 3rd : droeneuhnvan 'he/she (very respected; used for prophets, "ulama" (very revered cleric), one's own parents (by respected adults))' Plural: droeneuhnyan mandum 'they' gopnyan 'he/she (respected; of older person)' Plural: goonvan mandum 'they;' also: ureuengnvan 'they (far)' and ureuengnvoe 'they (near)' Iih 'he/she/it (of younger person, non-muslim foreigner (except one's own teacher or an old person), animal, unrespected entity)' Plural: iih mandum 'they (only for person);' also awaknvan 'they (far)' and awaknyoe 'they (near)' 41 The following table shows the prefixal and suffixal forms of pronouns.
3y-see He saw hey hey him. 11. *Geu-hei gopnyan gopnyan. ' The following sentences are in violation of constraint [iii], hence, they are unacceptable. 12. *Ji-rhah bajee-jih jih. ' 13. *Teungoh lon-seumanoe aneuk-Ion Ion. ' 14. *Nyoe-pat bajee-keuh kah. Here shirt-2. ' 15. *Deuek-kuh droekuh. 2 Titles Titles are words used before a person's name, as in (16) and (17), or before the word by which a person is called, as in (18). 16. Si Amin Title Amin mantong bak sikula. ' 17. Teungku Taleb guree Title kamoe.
12. *Ji-rhah bajee-jih jih. ' 13. *Teungoh lon-seumanoe aneuk-Ion Ion. ' 14. *Nyoe-pat bajee-keuh kah. Here shirt-2. ' 15. *Deuek-kuh droekuh. 2 Titles Titles are words used before a person's name, as in (16) and (17), or before the word by which a person is called, as in (18). 16. Si Amin Title Amin mantong bak sikula. ' 17. Teungku Taleb guree Title kamoe. Taleb teacher(for religion) w e e x c 'Teungku Taleb is our religious 18. ' dara nyan? Whose child title girl that ' Whose child is that girlT A person's name or the word by which a person is called is never used without a title.
A contextual grammar of Acehnese sentences by by Abdul Gani Asyik.