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By by Abdul Gani Asyik.

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Not all pronouns can be replaced by their reflexive forms. There are seven reflexive forms that are sometimes used in place of the ordinary pronouns. They are: droelon/droelong for Ion/long, droekuh for kaa, droeneuh for na (fla is found only in Greater Aceh), droeteuh for gata/ droekeuh for kah/ droeoeuh for goonvan. and droeiih for iih. 40 Table 1: Pronouns Person 1st Pronouns : lontuwan/ulontuwan 'I (very polite)' Ion/long 'I' kee 'I (vulgar)' Plural: geutanyoe 'we (inclusive)' kamoe 'we (exclusive)' 2nd : droeneuh 'you (respected; of older persons)' Plural: droeneuh mandum 'you all' gata 'you (of younger adult)' Plural: gata mandum 'you all' kaa 'you (of children)' Plural: Hah,mandum 'you ail' 3rd : droeneuhnvan 'he/she (very respected; used for prophets, "ulama" (very revered cleric), one's own parents (by respected adults))' Plural: droeneuhnyan mandum 'they' gopnyan 'he/she (respected; of older person)' Plural: goonvan mandum 'they;' also: ureuengnvan 'they (far)' and ureuengnvoe 'they (near)' Iih 'he/she/it (of younger person, non-muslim foreigner (except one's own teacher or an old person), animal, unrespected entity)' Plural: iih mandum 'they (only for person);' also awaknvan 'they (far)' and awaknyoe 'they (near)' 41 The following table shows the prefixal and suffixal forms of pronouns.

3y-see He saw hey hey him. 11. *Geu-hei gopnyan gopnyan. ' The following sentences are in violation of constraint [iii], hence, they are unacceptable. 12. *Ji-rhah bajee-jih jih. ' 13. *Teungoh lon-seumanoe aneuk-Ion Ion. ' 14. *Nyoe-pat bajee-keuh kah. Here shirt-2. ' 15. *Deuek-kuh droekuh. 2 Titles Titles are words used before a person's name, as in (16) and (17), or before the word by which a person is called, as in (18). 16. Si Amin Title Amin mantong bak sikula. ' 17. Teungku Taleb guree Title kamoe.

12. *Ji-rhah bajee-jih jih. ' 13. *Teungoh lon-seumanoe aneuk-Ion Ion. ' 14. *Nyoe-pat bajee-keuh kah. Here shirt-2. ' 15. *Deuek-kuh droekuh. 2 Titles Titles are words used before a person's name, as in (16) and (17), or before the word by which a person is called, as in (18). 16. Si Amin Title Amin mantong bak sikula. ' 17. Teungku Taleb guree Title kamoe. Taleb teacher(for religion) w e e x c 'Teungku Taleb is our religious 18. ' dara nyan? Whose child title girl that ' Whose child is that girlT A person's name or the word by which a person is called is never used without a title.

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A contextual grammar of Acehnese sentences by by Abdul Gani Asyik.


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