By Michael Fortescue
This essay is an try to building up a believable version of the cognitive approaches at the back of the habit exhibited by way of speaker-hearers in a particular discourse scenario.
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Additional info for A Discourse Production Model For Twenty Questions
But what of simpler examples such as the following ? Would you like to develop that ? Well, how do you phrase that ? (Game 2 ) . Does the hearer have to calculate the primary force of the utterance from basic principles here too ? Only in the trivial sense, I would suggest, that responding appropriately to a particular discourse act is itself a manifestation of the general principle of cooperation. In these cases the form of the utterance plus its propositional content is surely sufficient, in conjunction with contextual expectations, to ensure direct uptake by the hearer of the act involved.
The answerer responds with both the 'no' required by the disconfirmation of the hypothesis and the rephrase requested, in one utterance. (d) Responses to Expressions of Surprise Express Surprise/Disbelief ø In other words there is no response sequence associated with this act, and in the two instances of it referred to in Chapter 1 the following utterance is either produced by the same speaker or is totally unre lated. This act can, however, easily combine with 'Request Confirma tion', as already mentioned, in which case a '(Dis-)Confirm' may fol low.
No. No ? 'In terms of history' depends on how far back you take history. Twenty, fourty years, something like that. Oh no. ) answer 'no'. ' then, Q is expecting a rephrase of A's answer. But what follows is not a direct rephrase. According to its form (STATE + ) and propositional content it is a 'Comment' (on Q's original ques tion). To account for Q's correct uptake of the 'primary' force (as evidenced by his subsequent appropriate rephrasing of the question) we must invoke Grice's principles of conversational cooperation, where by Q presumes that A's response is relevant to his request for rephrasal.
A Discourse Production Model For Twenty Questions by Michael Fortescue