Download e-book for iPad: A French-English grammar : a contrastive grammar on by Morris Salkoff

By Morris Salkoff

ISBN-10: 9027275521

ISBN-13: 9789027275523

1. desk of symbols, pxi; 2. Preface, pxiii; three. 1. creation, p1; four. 2. significant sentence buildings; the verb; the item, p25; five. three. The Noun word, p119; 6. four. Adjuncts, p167; 7. five. Conclusions; purposes, p313; eight. References, p335; nine. Index, p339

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Extra resources for A French-English grammar : a contrastive grammar on translational principles

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Furthermore, the translation module detects that the direct object Nl is in a relative clause and has been pronominalized to que {which). Hence it inserts the preposition for before which. 13 Questions The most widely applicable observation that can be made about translating French questions is that the subject and the auxiliary verb must be permuted in English. 131 Subject Inversion The major structure encountered in French questions is the one in which the subject is repeated in pronominal form after the verb, preceded by an intercalated -t if two vowels collide.

The exact nuance of the expression (voilà + voici) que is in any case very hard to capture, since its meaning varies with the type of verb in the complement clause and its tense, the subject of the verb, and with the context in which the expression appears. The translations given above must be considered as rough approximations. When voici/voilà is followed by a time noun Nt and a complement clause, voici/voilà Nt is translated as it has been Nt, and the main verb of the clause is translated as a present perfect progressive, for those verbs that can appear in this tense (cf.

1 The presence of the adverbs hier and mardi in sentences b and c authorizes the translation module to translate the present perfect se sont réunis (have met) as the preterite met, and a été as the preterite was (cf. 213). MAJOR SENTENCE STRUCTURES; VERB; OBJECT 29 The chiasmus of traditional grammar can be treated formally as follows. When an Obj tV Sbj sentence is conjoined to a Sbj tV Obj sentence, the verb in Obj tV Sbj may be deleted if it is the same as that of the Sbj tV Obj sentence, leaving only Obj Sbj.

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A French-English grammar : a contrastive grammar on translational principles by Morris Salkoff


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