A Grammar of Domari by Matras, Yaron PDF

By Matras, Yaron

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Sample text

Benninghaus (1991) reports on two groups in eastern Anatolia that are described under the label ‘Tsiganes’: the Posça (or /RP) and the Mıtrıp or Karaüi ('RP). The Lom have an historical affinity to Armenian society, though only some of them are Christians. The Dom on the other hand are affiliated with Kurdish society and are speakers of Kurdish. Mıtrıp samples are provided from three communities in Kurdistan: Batman, Elmayaka, and Van. They contain a sizeable number of Domari words, such as TD\LP ‘food’, PDQLV ‘person’, SDQL ‘water’, NUL ‘house’, YDW ‘stone’.

With the exception of the oblique ending Ү, it appears that vowel length fluctuates in all these positions, as it does in the nominative form of lexemes such as NXUL ‘house’, EUDUL ‘cat’. Syllable structure plays a role in conditioning the difference between the open and shorter vowel in SXWUH ‘sons’ and the closed, longer vowel in SXWǓP ‘my sons’. e. non-Arabic) words that had been intuitively transliterated as containing long vowels. The results show that long vowel duration is typically 70–120 milliseconds in both conversational and sentence elicitation data, while the typical duration of short vowels is 30–80 milliseconds in conversational data and between 45–100 milliseconds in sentence elicitation data.

A traditional link exists between the Dom community and another minority group in the West Bank known as ‘Kurds’ (Arabic NUčG, Domari NUčGH) or in their own speech as U‫ڟ‬P or U‫ڟ‬PčW. They too descend from itinerant metalworkers who provided their services to villagers in the West Bank, while the Dom served the urban population. The two groups intermarry and are to some extent familiar with each other’s languages. The speech of the Kurds however appears to be a secret lexicon which includes lexical items from Kurdish as well as from Domari.

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A Grammar of Domari by Matras, Yaron

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