Read e-book online A Grammar of the Kabardian Language PDF

By John Colarusso

ISBN-10: 0919813968

ISBN-13: 9780919813960

This is often the 1st entire grammar of a non-Indo-European language from the Northwest Caucasian relatives in a language except Russian that covers all components of the grammar. Kabardian is advanced at each point. The language handled isn't the literary usual, yet Kabardian because it used to be present in texts & within the mouths of Kabardians. This examine is an boost over grammatical sketches of similar languages in that it provides a whole account of the phonology & morphology of the language, accounting for what have been formerly often called 'random variants'. The publication supplies the reader the 1st account of the syntax of this language. it is going to provide the world expert entry to the language. it's going to supply the linguist attracted to advanced languages entry to a very tough language, & it's going to provide the theoretical linguist entry to a language that shows topological exotica at each point of its grammar, from phonetics to the lexicon.

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C. ' d. ' e. ' f. )' The forms in (23) show that /a-a/ is realised as an open [a*], filling the coda of its syllable, rule Rl (24). It can be long in citation or careful speech, as noted in the examples. 3 Reduction Rule R2 reduces /a-a/ in unstressed position, as the counterparts to (23) show in (26). <2)' = 'ifl,then2') (26) Reduction of unstressed /a-a/ a. ' b. ' c. ' d. ' e. ' f. )' g. )' As (26f, g) show, /a-a/is preserved next to apharyngeal unless the stress is shifted at least two syllables away.

Wetness' d. "/ merely rounds a vowel, as in (41). W] a. 7 -» b. 8 Vowels and Pharyngeals /h/. Witness (42). 'upper part, top side' '(to) moan' The contrast /3/~/a/ is not neutralised before (42) Maintenance of the vowel contrast before pharyngeal (Vv = pharyngealised vowel) a. /k^ah/ -> [kVh] 'long' h b. /q"3h/ —» [q Vh] 'ship, vessel' c. /da-ha-n/—» [dash,heTn] with-carry out-inf(initive) 'to carry something out with someone's help' d. n] opening-enter-inf (i) 'to enter (as into a door)'; (ii) 'to call upon someone' The pharyngealisation of the vowels alters their colours, but not so much that they are neutralised.

1 The Elderly One must show respect to elders; especially the young must do so. Elders are not merely shown respect, but are expected in turn to show a full range of passions and activities in their advanced years, albeit of a somewhat reduced form. No one thinks an elder person foolish if they fall in love or seek a mate. For a young person to wait upon an elder is considered a great honour. S imilarly one must show respect to one's parents. The father arbitrates in matters outside the house and in cases of serious dispute, while the mother sets the tone and tempo of events within the home.

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A Grammar of the Kabardian Language by John Colarusso

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