By M. Tendahl
A scary new method of how we comprehend metaphors completely evaluating and contrasting the claims made through relevance theorists and cognitive linguists. The ensuing hybrid concept indicates the complementarity of many positions in addition to the necessity and chance of accomplishing a broader and extra practical conception of our realizing.
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Extra resources for A Hybrid Theory of Metaphor: Relevance Theory and Cognitive Linguistics
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart lived before computers and the Internet were invented. Mozart did not distribute his music using the Internet. I know the conclusion in (6), although I have probably never thought about it before. This is also consistent with our intuition about the nature of knowledge. It would, for example, be absolutely natural to make the following statement: I’ve always known that Mozart did not distribute his music using the Internet. Sperber and Wilson are willing to accept this weak notion of knowledge, but this notion of knowledge still presupposes factual truth.
Gary also saw that the referee was distracted and that he did not witness the goal. If Gary’s mind-reading abilities have developed in a normal way, he will furthermore form the metarepresentation in (43), which is different from his own assumption: (43) The referee does not know that Ruud scored a goal. If, however, Gary’s mind-reading abilities have not developed correctly, he might form the metarepresentation expressed in (44) attributing his own representation to the referee:8 (44) The referee knows that Ruud scored a goal.
Thus, pragmatics aims to explain how contextual information can help an addressee in making guesses about the speaker’s intentions, not just in what some linguists and philosophers consider extraordinary language, but in every possible utterance a speaker may produce. Linguistic expressions, according to Sperber and Wilson’s view, are only a very good means to direct hearers in their search for the relevance and the intended meaning of these expressions. For the moment we can note that the addressees in a communicative situation usually have to recognize the speaker’s intention to communicate and they have to recognize into which directions a speaker’s utterance is intended to guide them.
A Hybrid Theory of Metaphor: Relevance Theory and Cognitive Linguistics by M. Tendahl