By Tolemariam Fufa
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Extra resources for A Typology of Verbal Derivation in Ethiopian Afro-Asiatic Languages
The main focus is, here, not the direction of derivation but the number of arguments associated to the derived verb. 38 The Causative in Amharic 32b. ’ In (32) set ‘woman’ is not the causer of the causative structures. Although the subject agreement element shows that the subject is third person singular masculine, there is no such subject in the structure because if such subject is found at subject position, the structure becomes ungrammatical as it is shown in (32c). Causative verbs such as asäññ- ‘to make wish for’ and as-t’äll- ‘to make hate something’ have similar characteristics.
Dubinsky et al. (1988) correlate the number of –s-’s with the number of subjects within the framework of grammatical relations. But close investigation shows that such an analysis runs into problems. I point out some of these problems. )’, etc. )’. Obviously, in this case the number of –s-’s does not match with the number of subjects 22 The Causative in Oromo whatsoever because we cannot assume one –s- is associated with the underlying agent and the other –s- with the causative agent since there is no underlying agent for non-agentive verbs.
In Amharic, structures of single causatives are interesting because of the following reasons: one, different from Oromo, there is an object agreement element on the (causative) verb which agrees either with the causee or the patient; two, only the accusative marked constituent agrees with the object agreement element; three, the causee can be expressed either as an accusative marked constituent or as an optional oblique phrase; four, the causee or the patient can be overt or dropped. Impersonal passives and intransitive causatives are also issues of interest.
A Typology of Verbal Derivation in Ethiopian Afro-Asiatic Languages by Tolemariam Fufa