By Louise McNally, Christopher Kennedy
During this quantity top researchers current new paintings at the semantics and pragmatics of adjectives and adverbs, and their interfaces with syntax. Its matters contain the semantics of gradability; the connection among adjectival scales and verbal point; the connection among that means and the positions of adjectives and adverbs in nominal and verbal projections; and the fine-grained semantics of other subclasses of adverbs and adverbs. Its targets are to supply a finished imaginative and prescient of the linguistically major structural and interpretive houses of adjectives and adverbs, to focus on the similarities among those different types, and to sign the significance of a cautious and precise integration of lexical and compositional semantics. The editors open the booklet with an summary of present study prior to introducing and contextualizing the rest chapters. The paintings is geared toward students and complex scholars of syntax, semantics, formal pragmatics, and discourse. it's going to additionally entice researchers in philosophy, psycholinguistics, and language acquisition drawn to the syntax and semantics of adjectives and adverbs.
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Extra resources for Adjectives and Adverbs: Syntax, Semantics, and Discourse (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)
It remains to be investigated what drives this movement, but it might be triggered by a requirement for N–Dem adjacency. 2), there are reasons to think that movement has occurred. The relative position of Adjectives with respect to the Art–Pl–N hierarchy is the most diﬃcult question. Clearly, most adjectives are lower than Art; rare cases of gradable descriptive adjectives higher than articles clearly involve movement (as in how big a house, with the wh-operator how). I will return to the question of the relative order of adjectives and plural markers, but for now will assume that adjectives are ordinarily below the plural.
However, most adjectives, even in Chinese, are lower in the hierarchy than most classiﬁers, as suggested by (19). Before going into detail regarding the diﬀerent attachment sites for diﬀerent classes of adjectives, I turn to some issues regarding word order. 1 Suﬃxal Pl and Art In many languages, although the individual subhierarchies such as Dem– Num–Adj and Art–Pl–N are respected, the complete hierarchical order is 28 Adjective position in the decomposition of DP not evident on the surface; for example Norwegian could be characterized as having the order in (21), as illustrated in (22).
The surface word order, however, is complicated by the facts of cluster formation; speciﬁcally, the tendency of heads like Pl to form a morphological cluster with N changes the linear order with respect to phrasal modiﬁers like adjectives. Despite such complications, a pattern like the expected one can be discerned. For example, in Rijkhoﬀ ’s (2002) balanced survey of eightyﬁve languages, six allow Demonstrative to cooccur with an article; in three of those, the order is as given in (15a), and in three others it is as in (15b).
Adjectives and Adverbs: Syntax, Semantics, and Discourse (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics) by Louise McNally, Christopher Kennedy