New PDF release: Adpositions

By Claude Hagège

ISBN-10: 0199575002

ISBN-13: 9780199575008

This pioneering learn relies on an research of over two hundred languages, together with African, Amerindian, Australian, Austronesian, Indo-European and Eurasian (Altaic, Caucasian, Chukotko-Kamchatkan, Dravidian, Uralic), Papuan, and Sino-Tibetan. Adpositions are a virtually common a part of speech. English has prepositions; a few languages, comparable to eastern, have postpositions; others have either; and but others types that aren't relatively both. As grammatical instruments they mark the connection among components of a sentence: typically one aspect governs a noun or noun-like observe or word whereas the opposite services as a predicate. From the syntactic standpoint, the supplement of an adposition is dependent upon a head: during this final sentence, for instance, a head is the supplement of on whereas on a head will depend on relies and on is the marker of this dependency. Adpositions lie on the center of the grammar of so much languages, their usefulness making them recurrent in daily speech and writing. Claude Hagege examines their morphological good points, syntactic capabilities, and semantic and cognitive houses. He does so for the subsets either one of adpositions that categorical the relatives of agent, sufferer, and beneficiary, and of these which mark house, time, accompaniment, or device. Adpositions usually govern case and are often steadily grammaticalized into case. the writer considers the entire set of functionality markers, together with case, that seem as adpositions and, in doing so, throws gentle on tactics of morphological and syntactic switch in numerous languages and language households. His ebook may be welcomed through typologists and via syntacticians and morphologists of all theoretical stripes.

Show description

Read Online or Download Adpositions PDF

Similar grammar books

Download PDF by Paolo Virno: A Grammar of the Multitude: For an Analysis of Contemporary

Globalization is forcing us to reconsider a number of the different types -- akin to "the people" -- that ordinarily were linked to the now eroding country. Italian political philosopher Paolo Virno argues that the class of "multitude," elaborated through Spinoza and for the main half left fallow because the 17th century, is a stronger instrument to research modern concerns than the Hobbesian suggestion of "people," favourite through classical political philosophy. Hobbes, who detested the inspiration of multitude, outlined it as shunning political solidarity, resisting authority, and not stepping into lasting agreements. "When they insurgent opposed to the state," Hobbes wrote, "the electorate are the multitude opposed to the folks. " however the multitude isn't only a damaging concept, it's a wealthy idea that permits us to research anew plural studies and sorts of nonrepresentative democracy. Drawing from philosophy of language, political economics, and ethics, Virno exhibits that being overseas, "not-feeling-at-home-anywhere," is a situation that forces the multitude to position its belief within the mind. In end, Virno means that the metamorphosis of the social structures within the West over the past two decades is resulting in a paradoxical "Communism of the Capital. "

Download e-book for kindle: Standard Negation: The Negation of Declarative Verbal Main by Matti Miestamo

This publication is the 1st cross-linguistic learn of clausal negation in response to an in depth and systematic language pattern. Methodological matters, specifically sampling, are mentioned at size. general negation – the fundamental structural skill languages have for negating declarative verbal major clauses – is typologized from a brand new viewpoint, being attentive to structural modifications among affirmatives and negatives.

Kyle Johnson's Topics in Ellipsis PDF

Ellipsis happens whilst convinced parts of a sentence aren't spoken - for instance 'Mary has learn extra books than invoice has [read books]' and 'Jack referred to as, yet i do not comprehend the place [he known as] from'. those buildings curiosity linguists as the that means of the sentence can't be traced on to the phrases it includes.

Interjections by Katie Marsico PDF

The facility to acknowledge and properly use the various components of speech is vital to demonstrating command of the conventions of normal English grammar and utilization whilst writing or talking. during this publication, readers will find out about the functionality interjections have in sentences via following the tale of Will and Lauren, who stopover at a museum to determine dinosaur skeletons.

Additional info for Adpositions

Example text

Absently, she dipped a finger into the peanut butter and licked it clean. [M. Thurm , The Way We Live Now, 66] Although XPs may be predicated o f the subject o f a transitive verb, they receive not a resultative interpretation, but what is referred to as a depic­ tive interpretation, a term originally due to Halliday (1967). That is, Julia burned the cookies dirty cannot mean that Julia got dirty as a result of burning the cookies, but only that she burned the cookies when she was dirty. We are not aware o f any counterexamples to the DOR that involve transitive verbs.

The bombing destroyed the residents homeless. (14) a. The bears frightened *(the hikers). (C&R 1992:187, (35a)) b. *The bears frightened the campground empty. (C&R 1992:187, (37a)) (15) a. The magician hypnotized *(the volunteers). (C&R 1992:187, (35c)) b. *The magician hypnotized the auditorium quiet. (C&R 1992:187, (37c)) Several researchers (see, among others, Jackendoff 1990, Sato 1987) have suggested that at least some resultative constructions based on un­ ergative verbs and unspecified object verbs do involve “ arguments,” be­ cause the fake reflexives or nonsubcategorized NPs bear the same seman­ tic relation to the base verb in the resultative construction as the object of the preposition heading an oblique PP complement that can be found with this verb.

Levin 1988, among others). In order to make our discussion more concrete, many o f the properties that we require in a lexical semantic representation are illus­ trated here with a representation that takes the form o f a predicate de­ com position, but it is not clear that this is the only type o f representation that would meet our requirements. Any lexical semantic representation will be consistent with our approach if it recognizes that verb meanings include certain common elements that tie verbs together into semantically defined classes, but at the same time allows for the cross-classification of verbs.

Download PDF sample

Adpositions by Claude Hagège


by David
4.2

Rated 4.10 of 5 – based on 29 votes