By Alexander Rainy Maclean Murray
First released in 1953, this seminal advent to political philosophy is meant for either the scholar of political thought and for the final reader. After an advent and is the reason the character and objective of philosophy, Dr Murray offers a severe exam of the primary theories complex through political philosophers from Plato to Marx, paying particular realization to modern matters. The booklet additionally attempts to outline the fundamental problems with philosophical importance in modern politics, with distinct connection with the clash among political authority and person rights, and to teach how the several ethical assumptions underlying authoritarian and democratic structures of presidency are eventually dependent upon varied theories of good judgment.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Political Philosophy
The Academy was, in fact, one of the earliest universities in the modern sense of the word, and its activity continued without interruption for nearly a thousand years. The *Republic ' The theory which will be discussed in the present chapter is the Theory of the Ideal State expounded in Plato's dialogue the Republic. While, as in all the earlier dialogues, the exposition of the theory is made by Socrates, it will be referred to, for the reasons previously mentioned, as Plato's theory, although Socrates may well have inspired some of its basic ideas.
Those with 'vested interests* to care for are, in Plato's view, automatically unfitted for statesmanship. Platofinallyemphasizes that his account of the Ideal State is no mere day-dream. Many states may fall short of the high standards which he has laid down, but it does not follow that these standards are impossible to reach. 3 Such, in outline, is Plato's theory of the Ideal State. e. a theory of how the state ought to be organized and governed. And its main principle is that the few specially gifted citizens who, in any state, are capable of discerning the nature of goodness, and have the strength of character to follow the rule of right despite all temptations to the contrary, should be given absolute power over their fellow citizens.
The few who have this capacity are the philosophers. there can be no rest from troubles, my dear Glaucon, for states, nor yet, as I believe, for all mankind3 Plato, in short, is advocating a form of government by experts. e. , VI, 508. At VI, 504, he speaks as though the Form of the Good were a simple universal, for he says that 'the highest object of knowledge is the essential nature of the Good,fromwhich everything that is good andrightderives its value for us*. , y 475. , V, 476. , V, 473. , VI, 493.
An Introduction to Political Philosophy by Alexander Rainy Maclean Murray