By Monda Halpern
Concentrating on white; Anglo-Protestant farm girls in southern and southwestern Ontario, Monda Halpern argues that many Ontario farm ladies have been certainly feminist, and that this feminism was once extra innovative than their conservative snapshot has advised. In And On That Farm He Had a spouse Halpern demonstrates that Ontario farm girls adhered to social feminism -- a feminism that all for values and reports linked to girls and that emphasised the variations among men and women, selling girl specificity, unity, and separatism. those ideas have been proficient via farm women's overlapping roles as better halves and unpaid farm labourers.
Because males commonly owned the "family farm", farm women's monetary welfare depended principally at the soft negotiation in their interconnected roles. but the ladies Halpern uncovers have been strangely outspoken approximately their devaluation at the farm and approximately patriarchal traditions and associations that mistreated girls normally. And On That Farm He Had a spouse exhibits how Ontario farm other halves and daughters sought to enhance their lives, mainly during the domestic economics flow and Women's Institutes. They dedicated themselves to private improvement, to raising the character and standing in their paintings, and to public participation in social reform designed to aid others in addition to themselves. All of those efforts have been an expression in their social feminism, which persisted despite the dramatic adjustments in rural existence at mid-century.
And On That Farm He Had a spouse will entice students and scholars of Canadian background, women's heritage, and rural reviews, in addition to to basic readers attracted to a ignored tale of Ontario's earlier.
Read or Download And on That Farm He Had a Wife: Ontario Farm Women and Feminism, 1900-1970 PDF
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Additional info for And on That Farm He Had a Wife: Ontario Farm Women and Feminism, 1900-1970
We have a lot of bank barns with warm, comfortable stables … yet a furnace that would keep every room in the house at a livable temperature is a rare luxury in many neighborhoods. Every year sees more well-ventilated, well-lighted stables, but it seems a lot of trouble to cut an extra window in an old house. … More and more we find running water in the barn for cattle, while the water for the house is still pumped and carried from the well. ”34 Women, then, knew that their acquisition of labour-saving devices was dependent upon both the tenuous goodwill and earned capital of men, and upon men’s presumed knowledge of domestic machinery about which they likely knew little.
The presumption that this mutuality nurtured an egalitarian partnership between wives and husbands, however, not only overstates women’s power within the patriarchal farm and family, but implies that little or no conflict existed between women and men within the farm family. The alternative view that women martyred themselves for the sake of the farm, a disempowering conception of women, also suggests the general absence of gender discord. Women were indeed dedicated to the success of the farm, but they themselves recognized their disadvantaged status there, and discerned that their interests and needs often opposed those of their men.
54 The general condition of women’s unpaid work has led to the assumption that women’s labour on the farm was exclusively in the form of production for use rather than for sale, and thus it has gone unnoticed. But these two functions are not so easily separated. 60 Carolyn Sachs emphasizes that “the position of women on a farm [and their perception of those positions] cannot be understood without considering male domination in society and in the family”61 – another reason perhaps why traditional historians have disregarded serious analysis of Ontario farm women.
And on That Farm He Had a Wife: Ontario Farm Women and Feminism, 1900-1970 by Monda Halpern