By Paolo Acquaviva
This ebook explores the wide range of instances within which the plural of nouns is lexical. whilst a plural is lexicalized it turns into a part of what it's to grasp a definite observe: pence, for instance, is lexical since it capacity a plurality of a definite variety - a a number of worth, now not a collection of actual items like pennies - and understanding this studying is understanding the note. Languages convey numerous examples of comparable word-dependent irregularities within the shape and which means of plural, yet those have by no means been analyzed extensive from a unified viewpoint. Dr. Acquaviva goals to just do that, utilizing analytic instruments from formal semantics and theoretical morphology to make clear the relation among grammar and the lexicon. After an advent commencing his process he divides the e-book into elements. the 1st provides a dependent description of the methods plurality will be lexicalized with an emphasis on description and categorization. the second one analyzes extensive kinds of lexical plurals in Italian, Irish, Arabic and Breton. a last bankruptcy spells out the theoretical outcomes for the research of the lexicon. The publication is uncommon in combining a extensive typological type with a unified morphological and semantic research in keeping with a proper framework.
Read Online or Download Lexical Plurals: A Morphosemantic Approach PDF
Best semantics books
This e-book explores the wide range of situations during which the plural of nouns is lexical. whilst a plural is lexicalized it turns into a part of what it really is to understand a definite observe: pence, for instance, is lexical since it ability a plurality of a undeniable variety - a a number of worth, now not a suite of actual gadgets like pennies - and understanding this interpreting is understanding the be aware.
In 1962 a mimeographed sheet of paper fell into my ownership. It were ready through Ernest Adams of the Philosophy division at Berkeley as a handout for a colloquim. Headed 'SOME FALLACIES OF FORMAL good judgment' it easily indexed 11 little items of reasoning, all in usual English, and all absurd.
This publication provides comparisons of modern bills within the formalization of typical language (dynamic logics and formal semantics) with casual conceptions of interplay (dialogue, typical common sense and attribution of rationality) which were built in either psychology and epistemology. There are 4 components which discover: old and systematic reports; the formalization of context in epistemology; the formalization of reasoning in interactive contexts in psychology; the formalization of pathological conversations.
- The Logic of Pronominal Resumption
- Tense and Aspect in Informal Welsh
- The Lewd, the Rude and the Nasty: A Study of Thick Concepts in Ethics
- The Syntax of Negation
- Critical Discourse Analysis and Cognitive Science: New Perspectives on Immigration Discourse
- On translation
Extra resources for Lexical Plurals: A Morphosemantic Approach
It is not a plurale tantum, in so far as speakers could in principle use its singular. But what can be done ‘in principle’ is not always clear, even to individual speakers; 3 This particular example brings out the word-dependent character of the use of plural as a massiWer. In the woods can mean something like ‘in a wooded environment’, but in the forests suggests more strongly a plurality of distinct forests. Non-inXectional plurals 19 so the membership of the class of pluralia tantum inevitably varies and depends on the vagaries of idiolectal usage.
This greater freedom from a speciWc context makes Germanic counting forms more similar than their Irish counterparts to the next category to be examined, that of semantically diVerentiated irregular plurals. 3 Semantic variants Semantically diVerentiated plural doublets are extremely common. In fact, it is a plausible suggestion that every language with the appropriate morphology (where number is an inXectional category with some allomorphy among plurals) has at least some. The previous subsection has considered plural doublets where the diVerence in meaning correlates with distinct contexts, and the next one will focus on those where it correlates with distinct gender and noun class values.
Funs sounds odd because the meaning of the word as an abstract property generalization sits uncomfortably with the plural reading expressed by -s. Because of this perfectly natural semantic Wltering, *funs is ruled out and fun is ruled in; but it is ruled in as a singular, not as a general form. There is no plurality split in English, because the number opposition applies across the whole semantic range of nouns. 9 9 To highlight the diVerence between semantically motivated singularia (or pluralia) tantum and nouns to which number simply does not apply, consider the following example from Harar Oromo: (i) eeru´u c’u´fa´ k’ote Weld all dug ‘he cultivated all the Welds’ (Owens 1985: 89) Owens explains that eeru´u c’u´fa´ does not mean ‘all the farm’, but speciWcally ‘all the Welds’: ‘If the noun it modiWes is countable, c’u´fa´ refers to a set of individuals, not to a spatial extent’.
Lexical Plurals: A Morphosemantic Approach by Paolo Acquaviva